The blog posts are only in Portuguese, but its subject matter is Value Investing and the material they source is, 99% of the time, in English. The posts with material in Portuguese are usually those with the quarterly letters of great Brazilian investors, so it could be interesting for my Brazilian readers as well.
I know one of the owners personally and he’s an incredibly dedicated Value Investing “geek”. His ability to find great material puts this editor’s to shame! He also posts much more regularly than I do. I am, however, more than glad to help this “competitor” out because great work always deserves praise – and because there is so much noise in the investment world, we need all the help we can get to hone in on the good stuff.
It is impossible not to be criticized when you are in the spotlight. Case in point: Warren Buffett. In the space of two weeks he has been criticized for supporting Hillary Clinton in the US presidential race, for a Corporate Governance “manifesto” co-signed by several CEOs (I’ll adress that in a separate post), and now for being increasingly “relentless” in his search for efficiency.
Take this last part: The most usual criticism in the last 15 years or so had been his hands-off approach, especially in his large stock positions such as Coca-Cola. Critics said his tendency to avoid conflicts and “aw-shucks” brand of management did not root out the inefficiencies that other management teams were capable of doing. He seemed “out of touch with the times” – again.
In the last few years Buffett partnered with 3G Capital in a few deals, a group long known for its relentless cost-cutting. Now he has bought Precision Cast Parts, a company whose culture (and CEO) is described by this Bloomberg piece as “bullying” and “bruising”.
I have been studying Buffett, Munger and Berkshire Hathaway since 2001, and the inconsistencies between Mr. Buffett’s speech and actions are sometimes pretty obvious. He would not be human otherwise. Analytically speaking, it is also very important that we never grant anyone a free pass: we should always both judge actions for what they are AND keep in mind context and perspective. Has he failed sometimes? Yes, of course. Has his actions sometimes contradicted his words? Yes. For the most part, however, Buffett’s actions in the last 60+ years have lived up to most of his speech (and I alluded to that in a December 2009 post).
That is more than we can say of the majority of the CEOs, fund managers, government officials, journalists, amateur bloggers (!) and, well, people out there.
An update to last week’s post with two reading lists can only mean one thing… more books!
The first list came from the always-cool tweets by Anand Raghavan, Senior Director of Product Management at ThoughtSpot. It’s a list compiled by TED by asking more than 40 of its speakers for their recommendations. Great stuff there from all ways to look at life.
The second list comes from our most reliably excellent source, The Farnam Street Blog (one of the first sources I listed in our blogroll). Shane and his partners at the blog asked its members for recommendations and, as expected, they are amazing. If you haven’t considered becoming a member of the Farnam St. community yet, make sure you check it out (and this advice is freely given: I am in no way, shape or form receiving any compensation or barter from any source).
In summary, these lists are wide-ranging in nature, coming from a multidisciplinarian crowd. Some books are classics, some new, and if we could only read them all… We can’t. Choose wisely, invest your time to reach your near-, mid- and long-term goals as they change in priority and urgency. Enjoy!
I wish I did not have to return to this subject so soon, but apparently in Brazil even very basic rights can be seen as debatable. One remembers that “24-hour” ATMs do not dispense more than 100 Reais from 10 PM to 6 AM due to robberies, or one notices the constant take-downs of the Whatsapp service: our country’s policymakers seem to combat (very rare) examples of people abusing rights by eliminating (or proposing to eliminate) them altogether!
Case in point: after an alleged abuse of data access rights by Board members in Saraiva, an entire debate about these rights is now taking place, as per this Valor Econômico article (in English, but here’s the original Portuguese version). Given that the Board member is personally liable for their decisions, he/she must have the right to obtain information – from management or consultants, for instance – in order to better form their judgement.
We can and should discuss the form of potential abuses and its punishments, as well as reasonable boundaries of access to management and data. But we should not seek to remove a basic right of the Board members – who represent shareholders but must, in the form of our Corporate Law, act in the company’s best interests.
Shamelessly I return to reading lists (just follow the link to find other Buysiders.com posts with this tag).
(As a reminder, I don’t make money from these links at all – nothing against it, I’m just being transparent).
One is from McKinsey Quarterly and compiles a list of books suggested by CEOs of varying backgrounds and sectors.
Another is from Harvard Business School and lists books its professors are reading.
If you don’t know whether to thank me or hate me (“I haven’t finished the last books I bought and here comes an interesting list…”), I completely understand you.
Two noteworthy articles and one notable initiative in Brazilian CG practices nowadays.
One already-missed opportunity: the recent law concerning state-owned companies divides opinions. The article is in Portuguese and Valor hasn’t published an English version, but here goes a two-sentence summary: “Most specialists agree that the law makes it easy for companies to look good “on paper” while failing in practice. In fact, some experts say that the existing Corporate law would suffice if properly enforced…”
(In Brazil, as the reader may know, some laws “catch on” and others don’t, with little difference in practical consequences. This is changing somewhat, but CG is a “soft” enough field to make it more vulnerable to this effect.)
One ongoing discussion: the possibility of reforming Novo Mercado (Bovespa’s highest CG listing segment) requirements. A great artible by AMEC president Mauro Cunha highlights the opportunities and risks in these discussions.
Finally, one interesting initiative: the discussion of a voluntary Stewardship Code, inspired by (among others) the UK’s.
Disclosure: I have worked with, and admire, both Mauro Cunha and Isabella Saboya, who are linked to these and past initiatives regarding the improvement of the Brazilian capital markets. As friends we may not agree 100% of the time, but they are Good – and the capital G isn’t a typo.
Bill Gates wrote a very touching note on the 25th anniversary of his friendship with Warren Buffett (make sure you watch the VR video!).
It is obvious that they are both immensely intelligent and curious, but it is true that they seemed like very different people when they first met. Buffett was already very successful and wealthy, and Gates was definitely “on his way” to what he (and Microsoft) later became, so there was the risk of ego playing out in their initial interaction. It wasn’t easy at all to guess that they would become such friends.
The lesson here, if there is any, is to be truly humble – intellectually and personally.
After a very public fraud issue with insurance licensing – and US states take these very seriously – Zenefits is taking steps to re-adequate its financing and shareholder base. Yes, it is in exchange for a promise of no legal action, and no, not everyone is happy – but it seems as interesting as it is unusual. At least it can serve as a lesson for other companies in crisis management / survival mode.
H/T Business Insider’s Finance twitter feed.
And such are the times in Brazil.
Here’s Seth Godin on the ageless dilemma: the short run and the long run.
“Add up the short runs, though, and you’re left with the long run. It’s going to be the long run a lot longer than the short run will last.
Very interesting article on HBR.org: The Case for Activist Investors. The first book highlighted in the article – “Dear Chairman” – sounds like a great read, as it compiles now-classic investor letters to Board members and to the executive teams of companies they invested in.